During the 2005-2018 period, EU agri-food imports became mainly composed of raw and intermediate products, with the share of finished products declining. Their origin also evolved, undergoing a diversification process. The share of imports from European (non-EU) and Southeast Asian countries increased, while those from South America declined in relative terms. Overall, the impact of agri-food imports is mainly complementary to EU production, with limited replacement. These are among the key findings from the “Study on agri-food imports and their role in the EU supply chains” published today by the European Commission.
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